March 2nd, 2019 Marks 50 Years after Concorde First Flight From Toulouse. The Supersonic Jet was piloted by André Turcat and first went supersonic on 1 October. Although retired, Concorde left us with good and bad memories.
The Supersonic Passenger Jet was the first major cooperative venture of European countries to design and build an aircraft. On November 29, 1962, Britain and France signed a treaty to share costs and risks in producing an SST.
British Aerospace and the French firm Aérospatiale were responsible for the airframe, while Britain’s Rolls-Royce and France’s SNECMA (Société Nationale d’Étude et de Construction de Moteurs d’Aviation) developed the jet engines.
The result was a technological masterpiece, the delta-wing Concorde, which made its first flight on March 2, 1969. The Concorde had a maximum cruising speed of 2,179 km (1,354 miles) per hour, or Mach 2.04 (more than twice the speed of sound), allowing the aircraft to reduce the flight time between London and New York to about three hours.
Some Basic Facts About Concorde You Need To Know
From 1976 – 2003 the supersonic passenger Jet was known for cutting long haul flight times in half. While subsonic commercial jets like Boeing 747 took eight hours to fly from New York to Paris, the average supersonic flight time on the transatlantic routes was just under 3.5 hours.
Concorde had a maximum cruise altitude of 18,300 meters (60,039 ft.) and an average cruise speed of Mach 2.02, about 1155 knots (2140 km/h or 1334 mph), more than twice the speed of conventional aircraft.
According to John Hutchinson, Concorde Captain
The only thing that tells you that you’re moving is that occasionally when you’re flying over the subsonic airplanes you can see all these 747s 20,000 feet below you almost appearing to go backwards, I mean you are going 800 miles an hour or thereabouts faster than they are.
The airplane was an absolute delight to fly, it handled beautifully. And remember we are talking about an airplane that was being designed in the late 1950s – mid 1960s. I think it’s absolutely amazing and here we are, now in the 21st century, and it remains unique.
Before the supersonic Passenger was retired officially, Concorde was banned by the US Congress mainly due to citizen’s protest over sonic Booms. However, the supersonic jet managed to gain favor from the US. Secretary of transportation, William Coleman to operate services to Washington Dulles International Airport, and Air France and British Airways simultaneously began a thrice-weekly service to Dulles on 24 May 1976.
This didn’t last for so long as was expected as British and Air France canceled Concorde services in 1982 and 1994 due to low demand. The development costs of the Concorde were so great that they could never be recovered from operations, and the aircraft was never financially profitable
In so many ways before the supersonic Aircraft was retired by British and France, the Supersonic aircraft not only was carrying passengers – aircraft was used to transport diamonds and human organs as well.
According to record, Concorde had over 50,000 flights. 2.5 million Passengers flew supersonically with Concorde. It has to be mentioned that the oldest Concorde’s passenger was 105 years old Eva Woodman.
The last commercial Concorde‘s flight was from New York to Heathrow on October 24, 2003. By the time these flights finished, it was the last aircraft which had flight engineers as part of the crew.
50 Years After Concorde First Flight From Toulouse; Why Then Did it Failed
The development costs of the Concorde were so great that they could never be recovered from operations, and the aircraft was never financially profitable. This served an inevitable reason to retire the Supersonic Passenger Jet. Today Concorde Has become a Museum Exhibit.
Concorde has the highest “no show” records with British Airways as Passengers rarely fail to show up. I love the Concorde to some extent, The legroom was pretty good but I can’t say about the Head Room
The worst day in Concorde’s history was on July 25, 2000. A flight departing from Paris ran over a piece of titanium that had fallen from another aircraft. It burst the tire and resulted in the fuel tank igniting. The plane crashed killing 100 passengers and 9 crew members on board. There were no survivors
Nevertheless, The Supersonic Jet proved that European governments and manufacturers could cooperate in complex ventures, and it helped to ensure that Europe would remain at the technical forefront of aerospace development.
Now the Question that hooves around are this …… Will the Supersonic Passenger Jet Be Back Again?